Human trafficking is, according to the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress, and Punish Trafficking in Persons (from the United Nations) is, “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.” Human trafficking is illegal in the United States and worldwide.
Most forms of human trafficking are based on sexual exploitation – nearly 80% of human trafficking cases reported are sexually exploitative cases. The majority of victims of human trafficking are women, and most cases of human trafficking are intranational. An organization called the Polaris Project noted that 100,000 children in the United States are in the sex trade yearly.
In the United States in 2013, California had the most reported calls to report human trafficking.
Human trafficking is one of the focuses of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. Similarly, the organization called the Polaris Project’s motto is, “For a World Without Slavery.”
Organizations such as these provide information on how to notice signs of human trafficking. They are physical and mental health issues, as well as unusual living conditions or work conditions, and inconsistent stories.