Jack the Ripper was an infamous serial killer in the East End of London in 1888. He killed prostitutes in the Whitechapel area of London. The Ripper case is famous because its perpetrator remains unidentified; even today, it remains one of the world’s greatest unsolved cases.
Mary Ann Nicholls was the first victim. On August 31, she was mutilated. Annie Chapman was killed just over a week later. Elizabeth Stride and Catherine Eddoweson were killed at the end of September. Mary Jane Kelly was killed in November. These five murders are the only five confirmed Ripper murders, although more are theorized.
It was believed that he was a man with some experience with butchery or medicine, based on his exacting brutalization of his victims’ bodies.
Part of what fascinates the world today about the Ripper murders is the classicality of the mystery – it is an open-and-shut murder case, but it lacks one element: a solution. He killed five women for apparently no reason, then disappeared, never to kill again.
Even today, London profits off of the Ripper phenomenon, with guided walks of murder sites and Ripper memorabilia abundant. Many books have been written on this topic, and there were quite a few movies made.